The Crataegus, from the Greek krataios (hard) in honor of the hardness of its wood, is a genus of Rosaceae well known since ancient times for its multiple utilities.
They are shrubby plants, in some exceptional cases, they have a formidable size reaching 10m.
Its leaves are very characteristic with 3-5 lobes, varies according to the species, also varies the hairiness or not.
If something stands out for ornamental purposes of this plant are its blooming blooms. Small and aromatic flowers packed in tight combos. These inflorescences cover the plant completely white or pink … Finding cultivated varieties have double flowers. This blooming flowering that makes the plant stand out from a distance is very useful in any landscaping and/or landscaping design.
As I say the g. Crataegus is made up of several species, some of the best known are C. monogyna known as majuelo or hawthorn, C. laevigata and another species that is barely cultivated today such as Acerola C. Lazarus (a fruit that I particularly like quite).
After the flowering in question the fruits arise, which at the arrival of autumn will cover fruits, according to the red or yellow species and variety. Smaller in the hawthorn C. monogyna or as a marble in the case of the Acerolos C. azarolus .
This genus is very interesting as I say its flowering and its fruits that will persist to the leaves after their fall in autumn. Bringing bright red colors in those times when the lack of vegetation reduces visual attractiveness to the garden areas.
Together with that they are usually thorny plants, they are made candidates for use as hedges.
I have also seen some copies of C. laevigatalike alignment trees. I imagine that because of their tendency to kill they will give some problem of root regrowth.
Traditionally they are associated with lightning protection because it is believed that the Virgin protects the hawthorn thorns even to those who carry thorns of her at the time of the storm.
The fruits of C. monogyna as well as those of C. azarolus are edible. In my Autonomous Community you can still find Acerolas in some fruit shops in the fall. In Valladolid years ago I saw some street stalls where only this fruit was offered.
If all this were not enough, there are several properties that this plant has. C. monogyna is used to lower and regulate blood pressure, its fruits have vitamin C.
They have various uses and applications such as turnery, dye… It serves as a pattern to graft some fruit trees … years ago they took the mountain to take them home and use them just like some species of Pyrus .
Tolerant to almost all edaphoclimatic conditions and very resistant to pests and diseases.
In addition to older are plants that attract numerous insects, serve as protection for many animals and their fruits give food to various species of birds in the toughest times of the year.
Once the genre has been presented, I will speak more closely about Acerolo on another Tuesday, very attentive!